Time 1994-1995
Title Immunity studies show how immune system signals cause sickness behavior
Event For years, scientists believed that the brain couldn’t talk to the immune system (or vice versa). They believed immune molecules were too big to pass through the brain, because of the brain’s tight security system known as the blood-brain barrier. It has long been known that sick people often acted similarly, turning inward and sleeping a lot. Scientists Robert Dantzer and Linda Watkins and Steven Maier theorized that the immune system might be triggering these responses. These observations led to the discovery that the immune system can signal the brain through the Vagus nerve. In turn, these signals cause specific “sickness” behaviors

The mind and body and inextricably linked in this research. (See "body" for more).

Sick people display distinct behaviors and mindsets. Many turn inward by avoiding social interactions, isolating themselves, oversleeping, and undereating. Watkins and Maier show that these symptoms occur because immune molecules released during illness signal the brain by activating the Vagus nerve.

Spirituality is not specifically addressed in this research.

Maimonides Psychosomatic Med. Placebo Use In Trials Deprivation Research Stress & Healing Humanistic Psych. Medieval Medicine Acupuncture Trial Sickness Behavior Brain-Immune Breakdown Molecules of Emotion Biofeedback Stress Research Chiropractic Freud's Research Osteopathy Allopathy Homeopathy Persian Medicine Chinese Medicine Greek Medicine Egyptian Physicians Imhotep Bedside Manner Brain-Immune Link NCAAM Established Alternative Medicine Immune Conditioning Meditation for Health Emitions & Brain Doctor/Patient Book Emotion Research Spirituality & Health Naturopathy Mind/Body Book Modern Era Roman Medicine Hippocratic Era Ayurvedic Medicine Cam Use